Digital Lending

The Rise of Co-Lending: A Financial Revolution

The future of co-lending looks promising, and it is poised to revolutionise the financial sector further in the coming years. (Kishore Lodha, n.d.)

These words encapsulate the essence of a groundbreaking evolution in lending practices. Co-lending, often referred to as co-origination, is the driving force behind this transformation, offering the potential to redefine the way we access credit and engage with financial services.

In this blog, we'll embark on a journey into the world of co-lending, exploring its principles, mechanisms, and the extraordinary benefits it brings to borrowers and lenders alike. We'll start by dissecting what co-lending is and how it operates, as banks collaborate with Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs) to offer loans to priority sectors, all while simplifying the lending process with the customer at its core. 

What Is Co-Lending? 

Co-lending, often referred to as co-origination, is a collaborative financial arrangement where two lending entities, typically one from the traditional banking sector and the other from the non-banking sector, unite to provide loans to borrowers. 

This partnership is a crucial aspect of the broader co-financing framework and involves these two types of lenders working together to jointly offer credit, particularly for priority sector lending. 

In the co-lending model, the primary aim is to leverage the combined resources and expertise of both banking and non-banking institutions to provide borrowers with more favourable loan terms, including potentially lower interest rates and a broader range of borrowing options. 

How Does Co-Lending Work?

  • Banks Collaborate with NBFCs:

- Banks team up with Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs), which often have a broader reach.

  • Lending to Priority Sectors:

- Banks provide funds to the NBFCs, who, in turn, extend these loans to priority sectors like agriculture, small businesses, or other targeted areas.

  • Single Point of Contact:

- NBFCs become the primary interface for customers, simplifying the lending process. A tripartite agreement is established  involving customers, banks, and NBFCs.

Step-By-Step Process of Co-Lending: 

Borrower Registration and Profile Creation → Loan Application and Customisation → Credit Evaluation and Risk Assessment →  Lender Participation and Investment Options → Loan Origination and Disbursement → Repayment Process

Role Of LMS (Loan Management System) In The Co-Lending Process: 

Loan Management Systems (LMS) are integral components of the co-lending process. These digital platforms are designed to enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of lending operations. 

LMS streamlines the end-to-end lending journey, from borrower registration and loan application to credit assessment, fund disbursement, and repayment tracking. These systems not only automate many of the tasks involved in lending but also empower lenders to make well-informed lending decisions through advanced risk assessment capabilities. 

LMS ensures a smoother, more secure, and customer-centric experience for borrowers, aligning perfectly with the co-lending model's goal of offering diverse and cost-effective credit solutions. These platforms facilitate collaboration between various lending entities, optimising communication and fund allocation. 

In essence, Loan Management Systems are the technological backbone that drives the co-lending revolution, making it more accessible, efficient and customer-friendly than ever before.

Benefits Of Co-Lending: Why Do We Need It? 

  1. Enhanced Credit Access for Underserved Segments: Co-lending primarily targets the efficient flow of low-cost funds from banks to NBFCs operating in remote regions, with a focus on serving underserved categories such as economically disadvantaged sections (EWS), low-income groups (LIG), and middle-income groups (MIG). This ensures that credit reaches segments often overlooked by traditional lenders.
  1. Cost-Effective Borrowing for Applicants: Borrowers, particularly those in underserved categories, gain access to funds at more affordable rates through co-lending. This translates to reduced interest costs, making credit more financially attainable for their diverse needs.
  1. Risk Mitigation with the 80:20 Ratio: Co-lending operates on an 80:20 principle, where banks contribute 80% of the funds, and NBFCs put in the remaining 20% of their own resources. This ratio serves as a risk mitigation strategy, incentivizing NBFCs to uphold loan quality as their 20% stake is impacted by any losses stemming from subpar loan origination.

→In co-lending, the arrangement stipulates that NBFCs are required to take on a minimum of 20% the risk. This ensures that they have a direct stake in the loan quality, and any losses resulting from subpar loan origination will impact their 20% share in the risk.

  1. Mutually Beneficial Arrangement: Co-lending establishes a mutually advantageous scenario for borrowers, banks, and NBFCs. Borrowers experience the advantages of cost-effective loans, banks discover more effective channels for deploying their funds in underserved sectors, and NBFCs gain access to a consistent source of cost-efficient and dependable funding.
  1. Faster Loan Disbursal: Co-lending's collaborative approach streamlines loan disbursal, ensuring borrowers gain access to funds swiftly. This efficiency benefits both borrowers and lenders, offering a competitive edge and enhancing customer satisfaction in today's fast-paced financial landscape.

How Is Co-Lending Better Than The Traditional Process Of Lending? 

Here is a comparative analysis between traditional lending and co-lending, to find out the answer to that question: 

Lending Process


The co-lending market resembles an endless sea of opportunities, offering benefits such as lower interest rates, wider customer reach, faster loan disbursal, enhanced credibility, efficient risk management, and an improved customer experience. With its economic rationale and simplicity, co-lending is set to redefine the lending landscape.Irfan Mohammed, Chief Business Officer at Yubi, predicts an astonishing growth in the co-lending segment, projecting a three to fourfold increase in FY24, reaching a substantial Rs 1 trillion. This projection underlines the tremendous potential and appeal of co-lending in the financial sector. Co-lending isn't just a revolution; it's the future, empowering both sides of the lending equation and propelling the financial sector into a new era of accessibility and innovation.